Frequently Asked Questions

"Improvement Districts" in General

SIDs became part of the New Jersey landscape in 1984 with the passing of state legislation. The first SID in the State of New Jersey was created in 1985 in the Township of CranfordEstablished in 1992, the Central Avenue SID was the first of seven SIDs in Jersey City (Journal Square, Historic Downtown, McGinley Square, Jackson Hill Main Street, Exchange Place, and West Side Avenue). There are nearly 100 Improvement Districts in the State of New Jersey.

No, all SIDs are not the same. Typically, an SID is initiated by stakeholders (business/ property owners) with the support of the local community and in partnership with municipal government to address the unique needs of that business district. The structure of an SID (goals, membership, Officers, district boundaries, conduct of business, etc.) can vary in both the City Ordinance creating it and organization By-Laws. The most common difference among SID is of course – funding. Budgets vary according to funding sources such as SID tax assessments, grants, and private investments. Compared together, New Jersey SID budgets range from only a few thousand up to a few million dollars.

SIDs can benefit local resident in two ways: 1) property value and 2) your “quality of life.” As any realtor will tell you, the closer you live to a thriving business district the higher your property value and “quality of life.” See our community news for great examples of how the business and neighborhood community can work together.

As a stakeholder you share an invested interest in the vitality of the business district. An SID is a vehicle for stakeholders to better protect their investments and help it grow.

The Improvement District (whether business, or special, or downtown or some other name) is a model for management of the municipality’s commercial corridor. It is authorized by state law (the Pedestrian Mall and Special Improvement District Act, N.J.S.A. 40:56-65, et seq.) to be formed by ordinance in any municipality in New Jersey. The Improvement District provides a mechanism for the businesses and property owners of a community to organize as a single entity, to raise funds for activities that enhance or expand upon municipal services, and through a District Management Corporation, to manage themselves to become a more effective destination for commerce. In the State of New Jersey, municipalities are empowered to create Improvement Districts and to assign District Management Corporations (DMC s) to manage the resulting assessments and to provides enhanced services to those commercial businesses and properties in the defined District. Learn more via NJ’s Department of Community Affairs.

Business Curfew

Jersey City’s business curfew applies to Retail Sales and Retail Services Businesses and Restaurants within certain areas of the City. Pharmacies and bars in those areas may be exempt. Additionally, business owners may apply to the Director of the Police Department to be exempt from the business curfew law if they meet certain criteria.

A business on Central Avenue can remain open until 12:00am the latest. Under Jersey City’s business curfew, no restaurant or retail sales establishment shall conduct business between the hours of 12:00am and 5:00am.

Yes, the business curfew applies to the entire Central Avenue business district (Manhattan Avenue to North Street) in addition to some other streets in the Heights.

Yes, Jersey City has a business curfew in place. However, it only affects certain areas of the City which are outlined in the Jersey City Code, Chapter 263 – Hours of Retail Businesses. A business curfew exists to address a number of late night concerns including noise, disturbances, crowds of juveniles and other quality of life issues important to local residents. Those who live within the City’s neighborhood commercial districts and have to get up early and go to work are especially grateful for this law and the businesses willing to comply.

CASID Members

No. Your business does not begin and end at the front door and being part of a main street community is not a spectator’s sport. As stakeholders, each business and commercial property owner must contribute to, and share in, the responsibility of managing the district. The geographic boundaries of the SID are established by City Ordinance and changes will require collective decision-making. Anyone who does not wish to be part of the SID can always choose to relocate outside the SID boundaries.

No. To receive the full benefits of a CASID member you must be located inside the district boundaries. However, businesses outside the district can become associate members for a reasonable fee. Associate members do not receive voting powers in Corporation functions but they do enjoy other benefits such as discounts on CASID campaign advertisement programs. To learn more, contact the CASID office.

Yes. While there is no legal obligation, you should register with the CASID office so membership benefits can be made available to you as soon as possible.

Yes. The SID Assessment collected on each commercial property within the Central Avenue Business District is considered the membership fee. Property owners are obligated to pay the SID tax assessment like any other property tax. Commercial tenants may directly or indirectly incur this fee depending on a prior arrangement with the property owner or lease agreement.

Yes, as long as your business is located in a commercial property within the business district you are a member of the CASID organization.

Due to multiple partners in many Central Avenue commercial property and business ventures, the CASID estimates 450+ members. There are 200 commercial properties, 240 storefronts, within the district plus an estimated 30 second floor offices. Approximately 10% of the commercial properties on Central Avenue are owner occupied.

To become a member of the CASID you must own commercial property or a business within the district.

All commercial property and adjoining business owners within the Central Avenue Special Improvement District (Central Avenue between North St. and Manhattan Avenue) are members of the CASID Management Corporation. All CASID members are stakeholders within the district.

For Local Residents

Who you can call depends on the nature of the complaint. If you contact the CASID office, we can further assist you.

Yes. All Regular Meetings of the CASID are open to the public. You will be given time to speak and allowed to stay as long as you do not disrupt the meeting. Please be sure to call ahead to confirm scheduled meetings as they may become postponed.

Yes. The CASID is always available to address public concerns regarding the Avenue. Please send an email request including you name, the name of the Block Association, time, date, and location of meeting.

Absolutely. The CASID office welcomes all constructive citizen and feedback especially from local residents, neighbors, shoppers, and CASID Members. You can either email the CASID office or call for an appointment.

Garbage & Recycling

No. If a garbage receptacle was removed every time a business/ property owner made a request then there would not be a single garbage container on the Avenue. Where would litter then go? If garbage is illegally dumped next to your garbage container, please contact the CASID office and the JCIA upon discover (hey, if you initiate the call then most likely you would not be held responsible or receive a summons). People who illegally dump garbage will continue to do so until they punished. Working together, we can catch these social misfits.

Businesses must call the JCIA at (201) 432-4645 x600 to schedule pickup of large items. These items will NOT be picked up during regular garbage collection.

Yes. As per City Code 287-6 (Private disposal of refuse) the City of Jersey City and Waste Management will not pick up bulk garbage or recycling for restaurants or any businesses that produce more than 6 30-gallon containers of garbage or recycling. These businesses must arrange for private garbage pickup.

For Central Avenue, recycling can be brought to the curb on Tuesday nights no earlier then 7 pm. Recycling will be picked up between 7 pm and 6 am.

Monday and Thursday nights are garbage nights for the Central Avenue Business District. Garbage can be placed on the curb no earlier then 7 pm. Garbage will be picked up between the hours of 7 pm and 6 am. Click here for Jersey City’s Trash & Recycling Collection Schedule.

The Jersey City Incinerator Authority (JCIA) can assist your needs.

Please refer to the Code of Jersey City Chapter 287 “Solid Waste.” There you can find information pertaining to illegal dumping, disposal of hazardous refuse, food refuse, duties of owners and tenants, etc. For a selection of the portions of the code most relevant to Central Avenue businesses, click here.

Handbills/ Flyer Distribution

Yes. There is a community bulletin board at the center of the business district. All handbills and signs are welcomed there free of charge. Simply bring your flyer/ handbill to the CASID office and it will be taken care of.

That’s right, it is gone. Street maintenance staff have strict instructions to immediately dispose of all signs and handbills posted on all Central Avenue streetscape fixtures and public property. The moral of the story is don’t waste your money or time littering the Avenue with advertisement material.

Other then annoying vehicle owners, creating additional litter within the district, and the fact that it is illegal, the business responsible for distributing the handbill will receive a summons from the City of Jersey City. Upon receiving complaints from the community, the CASID will work with city officials to enforce the law.

Please refer to the relevant excerpts of Chapter 81 Article I (Handbills and Signs) of the municipal code. There you can find information pertaining to posting handbills or signs on public property, placing handbill in or upon vehicles, removal of signs and handbills, etc.

Peddlers/ Vendors

As a good business person, you should first suggest that the peddler or vendor solicit your customers only if you can take 20% of whatever business they do (hey you have to pay the rent somehow right). Just kidding- all business owners are encouraged to contact the Police Department at (201) 547-5477 and notify the CASID office immediately.

Yes, with restrictions. Food vendors most move to a new location every 20 minutes and cannot be located within 300 feet of a restaurant. In practice, this means that they need to operate on the side streets adjacent to Central Avenue, as famous vendors like “George the Hot Dog Guy” have done for years. To read the section of the municipal code regulating the location of food vendors, click here.

No. Whether they have a valid permit or not, NO peddler may sell or offer to sell any goods, wares or merchandise within the areas designated as The Central Avenue Special Improvement District. To read the section of the municipal code that prohibits peddlers in the district, click here.

According to Chapter 175 of the municipal code, a vendor (“itinerant catering establishment”) is “any establishment which prepares food and drink at one location to be transported by motorized vehicles to other locations where the food and drink is sold from such motorized vehicles.” In short, a vendor deals with food, while a peddler deals with non-food items.

According to Chapter 245 of the municipal code, a peddler is “any person, traveling by foot, wagon, automotive vehicle or any other type of conveyance from place to place, from house to house or from street to street, carrying, conveying or transporting goods, wares or merchandise, offering and exposing the same for sale, or making sales and delivering articles to purchasers, or who, without traveling from place to place, shall sell or offer the same for sale from a wagon, automotive vehicle, railroad car or other vehicle or conveyance.”

Please refer to municipal code Chapter 245 “PEDDLING, SOLICITING AND CANVASSING” for general information pertaining to peddlers. Section 245-6 specifically prohibits peddlers within the Central Avenue SID. For information pertaining to food vendors (“itinerant catering establishments”) please refer to municipal code Chapter 175 “FOOD HANDLING ESTABLISHMENTS.” The most pertinent sections of this chapter for Central Avenue businesses can be read here.

Sidewalk Sales/ Cafes/ Maintenance

As per Municipal Code 296 Article 1 (Snow and Ice Removal), every owner, occupant or person having charge of a commercial building or vacant lot shall, in case of a snowfall, clear such snow from the sidewalks and gutters thereof to the extent of one foot outside the curb in front of the building or lot, as well as on the side thereof where the building or lot faces on more than one street, within four hours after the snow has fallen. If the snow has fallen during the night, removal shall be finished within four hours after sunrise.

You can start by simply filling out an application. Sidewalk Cafe applications can be picked up at the Department of Housing, Economic Development & Commerce (HEDC) and the CASID office. Read Municipal Code 296 Article XII to learn more about Sidewalk Cafes in Jersey City.

No. As per City Code 296 Article V (Commercial Usage), sidewalk sales in Jersey City require a permit. A business within the Central Avenue business district must obtain a sidewalk sale permit from the CASID office. Sidewalk sales are limited to three consecutive days a month and can extend no further then four (4) feet from the storefront. Merchandise is not permitted near curbs. Contact the CASID office to obtain a sidewalk sale permit or for further details.

Yes. Ultimately, it is the responsibility of the business owner to maintain their own sidewalk. Read the section of the municipal code pertaining to sidewalk maintenance for more details.

Yes, municipal laws require business owners to keep their sidewalks clean and presentable. All business owners are asked to clean their sidewalks at least once everyday upon opening for business.

Please refer to the Code of Jersey City Chapter 296 “Streets & Sidewalks.” There you can find information pertaining to sidewalk cleaning, snow removal, placement of telephones, sidewalk cafes, sidewalk sales, etc.


Central Avenue in between North Street and Manhattan Avenue is defined as the Central Avenue Special Improvement District. This area is also described as the Heights business district in between Pershing Field and Washington Park. See Area Map (PDF) .

Central Avenue is only one of ten major business districts in Jersey City (Journal Square, McGinley Square, Historic Downtown/ Newark Avenue, Monticello Avenue, MLK Drive, West Side Avenue, Route 440, Newport Area, Danforth Avenue/Old Bergen Road, and Ocean Avenue). In today’s evolving business environment, municipal government services plays an important roll in the success of the business community. With plenty of competition for limited municipal resources, Central Avenue business/ property owners established an SID in late 1992 to supplement, not substitute, those services. In doing so, the Central Avenue business district became a unified business organization and strong advocate in Jersey City.

No. The CASID is an independent organization and is not affiliated with any political party.

No. Although the services provided the CASID is often mistaken for municipal government, the CASID is a non-profit 501c(4) organization. The SID program is, however, created by a City Ordinance (Chapter 69, Article II)

“CASID” is short for “Central Avenue Special Improvement District” which is the official name of the Central Avenue business district. “Central Avenue Special Improvement District Management Corporation” is the name of the business organization on Central Avenue which is commonly referred to as “CASID.”

Urban Enterprise Zone / Sales Tax

Click here to find your answer (Adobe Reader Required).

These benefits will be available on line through the New Jersey Business Action Center as of July 1, 2011 at Businesses within the Central Avenue business district can click on the link to determine if they qualify for the program. If you do, you may complete your registration, reporting and sales tax payments on line from your computer.

Odds are you were not overcharged. Although Central Avenue is a UEZ, not all shops charge the reduced sales tax. Each business must first register with the Jersey City Urban Enterprise Zone program. For varying reasons, not all businesses qualify and therefore must collect the full sales tax amount. Most Central Avenue businesses registered with the program display a UEZ decal on their windows. Don’t see a UEZ decal? Ask the store manager about the reduced sales tax program. Your inquire may encourage the owner to qualify and register with the UEZ program which can only help you the next time you shop.

Consumers who shop in the Urban Enterprise Zones save money by paying a reduced sales tax. City residents benefit from the program, because funds generated from the sales tax collection are used for capital investments in municipal services for Jersey City’s Urban Enterprise Zone areas. For example, UEZ funds helped purchase new police cars, CCTV cameras, and facade improvements. More importantly, the UEZ program creates much needed new jobs for local residents.